13 Nov 2013

How to Write a PEA or PEE or PQC Paragraph for English based on Wonder by R J Palacio


Learning to analyse a text in detail will hugely raise your grade. Some teachers call this method Point-Evidence-Explain (PEE). Others call it Point-Evidence-Analyse (PEA), or Point-Quote-Comment (PQC). It's all the same thing. My own paragraphs usually look more like PEEPEPEAEEAEPEAEEA than PEA. However, PEA is a good place to start.

The Method 1. Choose a quote with strong or interesting words, metaphors (etc) or strong contrasts. This quote will be your 'evidence'. This quote should be approximately eight words long. Shorter is good.
e.g. You’re going to reach the sky, fly ... beautiful child
Now, take note of the context. This quote is about
a boy with a severe facial deformity (as in the picture but worse), who is severely bullied through the excellent novel, Wonder, by RJ Palacio.

2. Highlight the key words inside your main quote. Now explain the connotations of the words, and how they link/contrast and relate to the context.

Here is a PEA paragraph on Wonder, by RJ Palacio, written by one of my eleven year old students. The character with the facial deformity is called August.


Student PEA-PEE-PQC Paragraph
‘beautiful child’ can be interpreted that August is much loved and has inner beauty - this is shown by how the other characters behave. This quote can also be interpreted as being ironic since August is not ‘beautiful’ or even normal.‘You’ may seem like a minor word in this quote but it actually shows that someone believes in August and someone is caring for him.‘fly’ is a metaphor of August being superhuman, having freedom and power - this makes us think of him having a very strong character and being able to follow his dream.



Good Phrases to Use
[quote key word] makes us think of ... [explain/analyse/ comment]

[quote key word] creates a feeling that...
[quote key word] suggests ...
[quote key word] is a metaphor of (freedom/power) ...
[quote key word] links to the idea of ...[quote key word] builds up a mood of ...
The author, , is an Oxford graduate, outstanding-rated English Language and Literature teacher and of ages 10-18 in the British education system. In 2012, she was nominated for Pearson's Teaching Awards. As a private tutor, she raises grades often from C to A. Her writing is also featured in The Huffington Post. She offers private tuition in the Haywards Heath area, West Sussex.